There are increasing numbers of fake job adverts on the Internet, by email and in newspapers.
If someone you don’t know contacts you and effectively offers you a job then unless you have in demand skills and have been headhunted by an agency, it’s very likely to be a scam.
There are other warning signs that a job advert is a scam, including:-
· The pay is much higher than you would expect for the work or for your skills.
· You are effectively told the job is yours without the need for interviews etc.
· The conditions are too good e.g. part-time for a full time salary, working from home for whatever hours you wish etc.
· The interview is by Skype – this could be because there are no offices
· The job requirements are so vague as to let almost anyone qualify
· Unprofessional emails or letters – poor grammar, spelling mistakes etc.
· Emails that don’t include company name and contact information or are sent from a personal email account e.g. a Hotmail or Gmail or Yahoo account etc.
If you do agree to an online interview – make sure to ask lots of questions and don’t give out any confidential information.
Check the company’s website – do they really have such a vacancy?
Is the site professional and have the information you expect?
For any real company there will be useful information on the Internet. If there is only a record of the company’s existence but no website or anything else – then beware.
Sometimes scammers will use a real company’s name and perhaps misspell it slightly e.g. If you get an email from marksandspencr.com then it’s a fake.
Some scammers ask for your National Insurance number, date of birth, bank account information supposedly so they can set-up your salary payment or they may ask you to create a new bank account and give them the details. Creating an account and giving the access details to someone else would be asking to be scammed and you would be responsible for whatever they did with the account.
If asked to fill in a credit check form or anything else needing confidential information – don’t. That should only happen once you are in the job and know it is real.
A request for payment of any kind before starting employment is likely to mean a scam.
You may be asked to pay for training, a uniform, a professional review of your cv etc. These should not happen in a legitimate situation. They may ask you to pay for online training software – not a good idea.
The email may be about any of the job listings on the Internet – Monster, Indeed etc. or just that they found your C.V. and think you are an excellent candidate for the role they have.
If you didn’t apply then how could this be?
Many are taken in by the possibility of a suitable job and reply to the email.
The scammer will ask for personal information about you – National Insurance number, date of birth etc. and maybe even bank details so they can set-up your salary payments. But it’s likely to be just a scam- there is no job.
Social media is attracting lots of scammers as it’s a quick and easy way to get to people.
Many create fake profiles on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, LinkedIn etc. then post fake jobs or enticements to people looking for work. The messages may have links to malicious websites or a Trojan horse APP for download or want to engage and start a romance scam. There are lots of possibilities.
Do be careful on social media – the person sending you messages may not be who they claim to be.
Twitter in particular but sometimes also other social media services use shortened URLS. This looks like bit.ly
and you cannot tell where the link would take you if clicked. That can be dangerous.
Scammers will fake emails from large prestigious companies such as Marks and Spencer, Lloyds Bank, Microsoft etc.
If you receive an unexpected email from such an organisation then go to the appropriate website and check that the job exists.
It does cost to post jobs on legitimate job sites, but sometimes scammers are willing to do this to get the increased level of trust and find new victims.
If you find a fake job then do let the job site know about it as most have policies for quick removal of fraudulent adverts.
Most job sites do a good job of weeding out fake adverts but they cannot spot every one without help from the users.
Some scammers go to the trouble of creating fake websites – and usually they copy a well-known one. In this case copies of job boards, prestigious employers etc.
Check the URL is correct and not misspelled.
The fake website will be designed to get confidential information from you.
There will be reasons why they need your national insurance number, bank details etc.
But if course it’s all fake.
Until you have verified that the employer and job are legitimate, be very wary about giving any confidential information.
If you have any experiences with scammers, spammers or time-wasters do let me know – go to the About page then Contact Us.
There are a lot of people searching through the Internet for jobs and scammers take advantage of this by offering what appear to be jobs but are really scams. Do not apply for anything at all dodgy.
It has been reported that on average 59 out of 60 advertised work at home jobs are scams.
Here are some examples:-
The email is titled “Application for Part-Time Work” and appears to be from a software company.
It explains that they are a new business in financial analysis software.
They have a problem in taking payments for their software from overseas. And the resolution of the problem is to appoint local agents in each country to accept the payments and send them on to the company.
The local agent gets 10% of each contract for their efforts.
This whole setup is fake of course. Any business that has problems taking payment for their product wouldn’t survive in business.
The process of taking payments and passing them on sounds very easy – it is. The problem is that it’s called money laundering and is distinctly illegal.
The email is titled “Mystery Shop your local Asda store”.
And claims to be from ASDA but is in fact from safe-sending.co.uk or a similar operation.
It offers a mystery shopping jobs – get paid for simply shopping at your local stores and writing short reviews.
But you have to pay to register with them.
There is no job if you’re paying to give them a review.
Mystery shopper is one of those work from home jobs that a huge number of people would love to have. But there are very few such jobs so scammers use the attraction of these jobs to lure people. In this case they just want you to fil in their survey as that’s what they get paid for. They don’t have any mystery shopper jobs – it’s just a con by a marketing agency.
An email arrived titled ‘Typing Jobs – Highest Paid in LA’
The email talks about how easy it is make Facebook posts and claims people are being paid up to $500 per day for such tasks while working from home.
The email quotes Jenny Lewis of the Home Trust Network as its expert on these work at home jobs.
But Jenny Lewis is just a seller of these kinds of ‘opportunities’ so it’s questionable whether she’s the person to trust.
The email also quotes various US government reports showing how some typists earn huge salaries.
To be realistic, there are some jobs keying in data of some kind – whether it’s to make Facebook posts or keying data into a database or writing tweets or articles etc.
But, by their nature most of these tasks are very dull and repetitive and don’t pay highly because there’s any number of temp agencies happy to provide people to do these tasks quickly and efficiently.
See blog post https://fightback.ninja/work-at-home-data-entry-jobs/
There are large numbers of people who work at home as writers, consultants, Marketing, IT, sales, translators etc. but there is also a big demand for part time jobs that can be done at home without needing such specialised skills and knowledge.
These can include work such as article writing, cold calling, proof-reading, Internet research, customer service, data entry, social media and SEO, dog walking and thousands of other opportunities.
But, the problem is the spam messages that are so abundant offering amazing work at home opportunities.
Figures suggest that 95% of such emails offering work from home are scams.
Often there is little detail on what’s involved and no way to contact the ‘seller’ – just a signup process.
The spam messages usually have the following characteristics:-
· Little or no description of what the work actually is
· A video clip of the ‘seller’ describing their wonderful lifestyle of Caribbean islands, fast cars and top hotels etc.
· Something such as a time limit to get you to act before you have time to think.
· Local based. i.e. the message is tailored to list the opportunities as being based somewhere close to where you live (this is easy to fake as most websites can now identify your location)
· Incredible testimonials from people who were in a bad financial situation and now have the jet-set lifestyle thanks to this ‘opportunity’
· No company name for you to check out – just a brand name. No company address etc.
Check as much as you can before signing up – once they have your card details you’re in their hands.
People are sociable and the rise of social media and networking sites such as Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn, Instagram and many more are a testimony to how much we want to share and be open with others.
But there is a dark side to this as there are a lot of people who see this as an opportunity to take from others to get what they want.
If your password can be guessed, then you may find your profile page has been hacked. The hackers can install malicious code or they can use your ID for sending out spam messages or contacting your friends with virus laden extras to download.
You need to have strong passwords for all of the sites you have registered with.
Refer to blog post http://fightback.ninja/how-to-keep-your-passwords-safe/ for details on how to set strong passwords
If your profile or your identity are in any way compromised, you should also inform the site operator ad if you have lost money to the scammers or there are threats then tell the police.
There are huge volumes of emails sent out in the hope of enticing someone to either enter their account details in the email or to click a link that goes to a fake website claiming to be a business you have registered with but instead it just collects your account details as you key them in. Then the scammers have your login and password and can use your account.
This is called phishing and also takes place on social media.
For any messages you get, you must read them carefully and not click on a link just because you recognise the message sender. If your friends account has been hacked (as above) then the message could well have malicious content.
The URL is the internet address for a webpage and often these can be long names so there are shortening services on the Internet to let you send a much shorter URL but it will still work to get you to the original website address.
Twitter uses shortened URLs to save on filling up your character allocation. But scammers also use these shortened URLs to hide the actual web address they want you to click on.
So, you have to be careful before clicking on a shortened URL and make sure you have adequate protection on your devices to trap any malicious web pages before you get to them.
Facebook and some other social networking sites allow for installation of 3rd party APPS. Most of these are harmless but scammers can create these APPS and attempt to have you download them. They may send you a message that looks to be from a friend or the site owners telling you to download a specific APP.
These can in some cases send your account information etc to the scammers or may monitor your activities and wait for you to use your credit card on the site.
Do not trust 3rd party APPS unless you are sure they are OK.
On Facebook, you are get requests to join in with multi-player games. Some of these are very good games and often free or have charges only when you request specific extras in the game. However, some are scams and the advert you may receive for a famous free game may in fact take you to download a different game that charges your credit card unknowingly.
This can also happen when you are invited to take part in one of the many quizzes that are popular on Facebook.
Scammers do sometimes go to a lot of trouble to watch people’s behaviour online and note when someone is on holiday or business overseas. Then they can send desperate messages to the parents or partners of that person claiming to be in trouble, been mugged or needing lifesaving medical care or anything to get an immediate response of sending money.
If you receive such a desperate message – then do check its validity before sending money.
For many people, being open on social media about their activities, purchases, visits etc. is what it’s all about. But there are people who read that kind of information and piece together details about your life from whatever sources they can find on the Internet.
Then they can use that against you.
e.g.1. I’m off to India for 2 weeks on Tuesday. Have left the dog at Uncles.
This tells the criminals that your house will be unoccupied for 2 weeks. If they can find your address on the Internet then that could be trouble.
e.g. 2. Just back from last night’s party – was drunk in the gutter and taken in by the Police. See picture taken by friends.
This could be very embarrassing if you’re going job hunting as prospective employers may read your social networking entries.
Social Media is incredibly popular and many of us are used to just posting or tweeting anything we like. That’s what social media is for.
BUT, there are unscrupulous people who take advantage of that openness. Scammers.
You should take general precautions – i.e. have appropriate anti-virus and anti-malware on your computer and keep it up to date.
Then it’s a question of taking care that anything you put on social media cannot be used against you or anyone else. Following these points below can help:-
· Check the privacy and security settings on your social media accounts and set them appropriately.
· Set strong passwords (at least 8 characters long and including capitals, numbers and symbols)
· Be careful with links and files. If you’re not sure about the source, then don’t download or click on the link. Hackers will sometimes post links in comments to try and trick you into clicking them.
· Be aware that your posts may affect others and they may take offence where you wouldn’t or not want their private information online. So be considerate.
· Be wary of add-ons. Many games and add-ons are created by third party companies and may not be as safe as you assume. Be wary of any extra permissions that an APP requires.
· Be careful who you follow or friend. You may want to have hundreds of friends, but does it really mean anything?
· Periodically, try a Google search on your name – to see what personal information is available.
· Never log in from public hotspots. Some social networking sites don’t have a secure login (https), so your user name and password could be copied. Only log in from trusted wireless networks.
· Remember: If you wouldn’t say it or do it in public, don’t post it online.
· Think twice before posting pictures you wouldn’t want your parents, partner or employer to see.
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A recent survey of British tourists, named Barcelona as the world's ‘worst’ city for tourist scams, followed by Paris and Rome.
Here are some of the most common tourist scams around the world.
Common street scammers include those pretending to offer a free product or service, such as a rose for the lady or a music CD or to let you take a photo with them (the scammer is dressed in national costume or historic costume), but then aggressively demanding payment afterwards.
There are instances of taxi drivers who offer drugs to a group of tourists on their way to a party. But once the drugs are accepted, fraudsters dressed as Police appear demanding that a large sum of money be paid to avoid arrest.
Many scams involve some form of distraction, such as a person performing a magic show e.g. the cups and ball illusion or Find the Lady (card trick). The performer’s accomplice pickpockets the tourists while they are focused on the street show.
Last year, Telegraph Travel reported on the growing problem of pickpockets in Paris, where cash-carrying Chinese and Russian tourists at the Louvre were said to have been targeted by increasingly aggressive thieves, many of them children.
The guards at the Louvre Museum in Paris went on strike earlier this year to protest the aggressive behaviour of street criminals at the museum and a similar strike was threatened in Rome by guards at the Vatican’s Sistine Chapel.
An example from Barcelona is you’re eating tapas at an outdoor restaurant with your iPhone on the table a few inches from your hand, when a woman bumps your left arm and spills a drink on you. She apologizes profusely and walks away. Then you realize your iPhone has gone.
Expensive mobile phones are a big target for street crime so keep the phones out of sight or carry a cheap phone on holiday. Stealing iPhones or other Apple devices is called “Apple picking”.
After Paris, Rome ranks high as a pickpocket capital. At the Sistine Chapel, the guards say thieves often strike while the tourists are staring up at Michelangelo’s frescoed walls and ceiling, but there are also other danger zones such as the Colosseum and Trevi Fountain.
• London: The British Transport Police admits it directs “a lot of our resources towards combating pickpocketing and theft, including deploying specialist covert officers.”
• Amsterdam: The number of complaints about pickpockets increased by 30 percent last year, according to Amsterdam police.
• Naples: The U.S. State Department cautions against well-organized pickpocket rings. “Purses are either outright grabbed or straps are slashed by a person on foot or on a motor scooter.
• Rio de Janeiro: The U.S. State Department noted that Rio has been rated “critical” for crime for the past 25 years, adding that statistics “reflect continued critically high and rising levels of crimes in the categories of robbery, rape, fraud, and residential thefts.” The report went on to say that street robberies continue at a high rate even in affluent neighbourhoods, with cell phones and electronic items specifically targeted.
• Lima, Peru: The U.S. Bureau of Consular Affairs suggests travellers should be especially careful when visiting tourist areas in Lima such as the Plaza de Armas (Government Square), the Plaza San Martin, Acho Bullring, Pachacamac, and any location in downtown Lima.
• In South Africa, travellers must be wary in Cape Town. The official visitor’s website here is honest about the city’s crime problems. “While Cape Town’s dark reputation as one of the world’s most dangerous cities is almost entirely a result of the number of murders that happen there each year, the vast majority of these murders happen in areas far removed from the main tourist destinations. Unfortunately, while your life may not be in much danger as a visitor, your possessions most certainly are!”
· In the United States, classic pickpocketing has decreased, experts say. But purse-snatching and thefts of electronics, such as Apple picking, are rampant. According to University of Texas professor Felson, pickpockets still operate at places where people carry a lot of cash, such as race tracks and in crowds, like at Mardi Gras in New Orleans. Las Vegas is a hotspot as tourists are expected to carry a lot of cash.
Taxi drivers overcharging tourists by deliberately taking longer routes are common across the world, but travellers are warned to beware of some taxi drivers (as well as waiters and shop keepers) in Asia who "accidentally" drop your change on the floor and then hand you similar looking, but less valuable coins or notes.
In Las Vegas there are known to be "getaway drivers" who remove all of your bags from the car boot for you, minus one small bag, and drive off quickly before you could realise it’s missing.
Beware of till workers in Barcelona who appear to be on their phone while helping you, as they may actually be taking a photograph of your credit card details to be replicated later. Others across Europe will count through your change at a painfully slow pace, hoping you’ll just get frustrated and ask for the change back swiftly without knowing the wrong amount has been given out.
Official-looking men dressed as policemen in Mexico City, Bogota, Bucharest and Bangkok, were commonly found to check tourists’ wallets, claiming they were looking for fake money that had been circulating in the area. The wallets are then returned with money missing. Fake ticket issuers for different venues were most common in Paris and London.
Sometimes, a helpful local may warn you they’ve just witnessed a pickpocketing incident and that you should check that your wallet and phone aren’t missing but they note where it is for an attempt at stealing it later on.
Innocent-looking children in Paris working for a charity petition will rummage through your bag, with their hands hidden beneath the clipboard while you look over the petition on it, while other children will pretend to be lost and ask for help in writing a letter or postcard home and guilt-trip tourists into giving them money.
Some hotels across Europe were said to work with taxi drivers in order to convince tourists the hotel they have booked is actually in refurbishment. The driver then takes passengers to a different, more overpriced hotel. Other disreputable hotels copy the names of more popular hotels to convince holidaymakers they have arrived at the correct venue when they haven’t.
Thieves pretending to be hotel workers were common across the world. Someone would call your hotel room, pretending to be calling from the front desk, and ask you to confirm your credit card details because of an issue that has come up. These calls will happen in the middle of the night as you are less likely to run downstairs in person to settle the issue.
Some scamming duos in Barcelona and Madrid may even show up at your hotel room, fully dressed in the hotel’s uniform, claiming a room inspection is required. One will talk to you to distract you while the other one attempts to steal your belongings while inspecting the room.
Some scammers will also slide fake takeaway menus under the door of your hotel room, from which you might make an order, giving out your account details and be charged for the meal but never see it arrive.
If you book accommodation is through a tour operator as part of a package holiday, the operator takes responsibility for the booking. By contrast, many villa rental websites are simply advertising services, and you are booking directly with the owners, not via an agent or operator. There is a greater risk of fraud, and disputes may be more difficult to resolve.
· Generally, don’t carry more money valuables than are essential.
· Use a hidden wallet if possible.
· Above all, be aware of your surroundings and the people around you – stay alert to possible theft or fraud.
The survey was carried out by Just the Flight. www.justtheflight.co.uk
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Claiming a new product or practice can cure some long standing medical problem provides a rich vein of content for scammers.
It could be some new way to reverse hearing loss or to regrow your missing hair or a new aphrodisiac or never need to wear glasses again or achieve effortless weight loss … almost anything.
The scammers play on people fears about Alzheimer’s, or desperation to alleviate pain or desire for youthfulness and so on. This is a cruel way to scam people – offering something they need then stealing their money and providing something worthless or nothing at all.
They are creative sometimes but the story usually has the same basis i.e.
· Magical remedy found
· Magical remedy brought back and made available
· Video evidence
· A warning that the remedy will be gone soon
· Click on the link to find the truth
The email claims that if you cover your head in this magic gel then all of your hair will regrow.
In just 14 days, you’ll reach a peak – your hair potential.
This is just complete rubbish – human hair grows at a rate of 1.25 centimetres per month so in 14 days that would be 0.6 centimetres. Just about visible I would say.
The email also claims the gel will restore the same head of hair you had as a teenager. Pathetic lies.
Scammers like to pick unusual groups or places from which suddenly emerges a magical secret that can give rapid weight loss or increased brain capacity or a diabetes cure or banish cellulite or even a cure for Cancer.
This one is about how Grandpa Dan and Grandma Sylvia were flying home when Dan had a heart attack and the plane had to land in Germany where they were taught a unique 2 minute ritual that magically melts away belly fat.
So much so that Dan and Sylvia between them have lost 68 pounds of unwanted weight.
Recently we’ve seen similar scam emails proclaiming unknown magical remedies from African tribes, the Amish people, super triathletes, US Lifeguards, ancient civilisations and more. It is all ridiculous.
Apparently latest research has now revealed a cure for tinnitus does exist and this has left doctors around the world speechless. More likely they are speechless at this pathetic lie.
An email with the title “Simple fruit combo destroys obesity”.
Then there are testimonials about how good the product is and the best one is from Sarah, described as a severely morbidly obese person.
“I’ve taken this for a couple of days and not only I wiping out all of my unwanted fat but also my blood pressure and cholesterol levels are normal since then”.
The instructions say you take the drink only once in the morning and that’s it.
So, two days of drinking fruit juice in the morning has resulted in significant fat loss and has normalised her blood pressure and cholesterol levels which were presumably a serious problem as she was morbidly obese.
What an amazing product!
We received three emails within a few hours about miracle cures for health problems.
These are from different names, different email addresses and about different problems but they are clearly the work of the same scam team. Also, they are well written unlike most scam messages.
Email 1 is “Diabetes Real Root cause exposed Cure Found” from Cynthia
Email 2 is “CNN Health Betty White Explains How She prevents Alzheimers” from Jerry Washington
Email 3 is “How This Weird Bacteria Causes Weight Gain” from Ernest Smith
In summary, there are always people in search of remedies so there will always be fraudsters trying to take advantage of them by offering fake remedies. Don’t believe them.
If you have any experiences with scammers, spammers or time-wasters do let me know – go to the About page then Contact Us..
The website www.clear-smart.co.uk entices people by advertising expensive TVs at discount prices. The discounts aren’t huge – these scammers know not to make it obvious that it’s a con trick. So the discount is enough to interest you but not warn you of illegality.
Clear Smart is not a company - just a trade name. When it comes to payment then the real company CS Online Retail Limited becomes apparent. They may also trade under other names – we don’t know.
The TVs for sale are by the big manufacturers e.g. Samsung and are the high spec models i.e. expensive (£1,000+).
You select what you want on the website, then call to place the order. Everything seems professional and legitimate so far.
They have the items in stock and will dispatch the following day. You place your order and then the problems start. Your card payment is rejected. You try again – still rejected. Try another card – still rejected. They say it must be your bank at fault. (If you contact your bank at this stage you would find that the card has not been presented for payment – it’s all a setup).
Now what can you do?
Clear Smart offer an alternative – pay by bank transfer and they will give you a small discount for the trouble.
The payment goes to an account named CS Online Services.
The danger of paying by bank transfer is that once the money has been sent it is most likely then moved to another account and you have no chance of getting it back should there be a problem.
There is no TV but now they play the delay game. You get emails saying that the TV has been delayed or damaged in transit or lost or is out of stock – anything to put you off for a while.
Phoning customer services gets the same message, until in time they get fed up with being asked for the TV and make it very clear that you won’t get a TV and you cannot have your money back.
Meanwhile they are still selling these non-existent TVs to more people, using the same tricks.
As with any serious scam, it should be reported to the Police. You need a Police report number if you are going to claim on your insurance. You can also report it to Action Fraud which is part of the Police Service.
This company was created in 2013 and has two directors Charlotte Catherine Hicks of York and Nigel Peter Davis of Weybridge. There was a Stuart Hicks named as Director when the company was incorporated.
Whether these are active people in the scammers business is unknown. Nigel Peter David lists his occupation as accountant.
The company does register annual accounts etc. with companies house and claims to have very little money.
If you know anything about Clear-Smart or CS Online Services (CS Online Retail) then let me know by email.
Many of us buy products and services online and its always a good idea to look at reviews of the company and their products/services before choosing what to buy. Surveys suggest that more than half of the adults in Britain, around 25 million people, use online reviews such as on Amazon, eBAY, Tripadvisor, Foursquare and Checkatrade to provide confidence in the product/service/person, avoid bad items and find the best deals.
We rely on those reviews being honest – by people who have actually used the relevant product or service and telling about their experience objectively.
But, some companies cheat – they pay others to create fake reviews in order to get more business. Sometimes they try to cover up bad reviews by posting lots of fake positive reviews and so on. This distorts the situation and is dishonest. If a company ‘distorts’ online reviews then they are in breach of the Consumer Protection Unfair Trading Regulations 2008.
The Competition and Markets Authority says that shoppers who use the internet to research hotels, books, electronics and other purchases are being routinely misled by millions of fake reviews orchestrated by companies to trick potential customers.
It can be difficult to tell the difference between genuine consumer review and fake ones. Consumer expert Kaitlyn Wells (ConsumerReports.org) says you can easily spot illegitimate reviews when they either are too gushy or are too negative, while failing to explain how they came to their conclusions about a product.
Why are these reviews so important?
Experts on the power of customer reviews believe that the presence of good reviews can convert prospects into sales three times better than without such reviews and increasingly people search for reviews and may ignore sites that don’t have them.
This problem of distortion is not new. Magazine reviews have always been a little suspect as it is well known that the reviewers are given free products and sometimes trips to great places to review the products. So is their opinion completely unaffected?
Also, the bloggers and vloggers who do product reviews face this problem as their opinions can carry a lot of weight but they are commonly offered free products to test. Don’t bite the hand that feeds you.
Amazon reviews were designed to counter this problems with bias, by getting the consumers to write about their experiences. It’s a great idea until people start to misuse it. Amazon says the reviews are good as long as the reviewers are not paid and don’t get any compensation in any form other than free use of the product for the purpose of reviewing.
Amazon has said the their goal is to make reviews as useful as possible for customers and they continue to use a number of mechanisms to detect and remove the small fraction of reviews that violate their guidelines.
Some businesses hire online reputation management companies to help them repair damage caused by negative online reviews. These companies use a variety of methods to achieve this aim but anyone using these companies should be aware that creating fake online reviews is illegal so they need to check the methods to be used and not just turn a blind eye.
An investigation by The Times newspaper last year found that hotel owners in the UK were paying up to £10,000 to agencies that promised to improve their review rankings.
There are also times when underhand businesses pay for negative reviews of a competitor to be posted on the competitors website. This is clearly very wrong. There are even examples of scammers posting a series of fake negative reviews against a business then the business is offered a way out of that for a price.
The Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) says that consumers who research hotels, books and other purchases online are being misled by millions of fake reviews orchestrated by businesses to misdirect potential customers.
Since June 2015, The UK government Department for Business Innovation and Skills (BIS) has been asking the public to provide evidence of instances where online reviews and endorsements may be unlawful. They are expecting further examples of:-
· fake reviews being posted onto review sites
· negative reviews not being published
· businesses paying for endorsements in blogs and other online articles without this being made clear to consumers
As well as creating new consumer protection rules the Government said it may build new powers to apply civil fines to businesses who do not comply.
If you have any experiences with scammers, spammers or time-wasters do let me know – go to the About page then Contact Us
My opinion is that MLM is not a scam but clearly there are people who setup scams using MLM.
Q. What is Multi-Level Marketing (MLM) ?
You buy the products from your single supplier and sell them to your customers.
BUT you also recruit more ‘MLM marketers’ to sell the product and you get a percentage of the sales they make. Likewise, whoever recruited you gets a percentage of the sales that you make.
The people who just sell, can make money – often working when they choose for as long or short a time as they wish. But it’s the people who recruit a lot of other people who make the big money.
Avon cosmetics are known to most people either directly or through the catalogues pushed through the door.
Avon was setup in the late 1800s in America and the first Avon person was a man. Avon was always about direct selling on the doorstep. Then more recently Avon turned to MLM and encourages its reps to recruit and train their own teams of reps and get commission from their sales.
Some say this has ruined Avon as people spend their time recruiting rather than selling and that by its nature MLM is fundamentally wrong as when pushed hard it becomes effectively a pyramid selling scheme.
Avon says they avoid the excesses of MLM by limiting commission to only three generations. i.e. you recruit a team and they each recruit a team and they each recruit a team and you get commission from all of them.
There are many successful and long lived MLM operations including Herbalife, Mary Kay, Young Living Essential Oils, Origami Owl jewellery, Stella and Dot, Isagenix, Nerium International and Rodan & Fields.
It’s easy to see the attraction of these schemes – work from home, own your business, work the hours you choose, the more you work the more money you get and so on. And for many people this works out well to provide a supplementary income or even a main income.
But there are also many MLM operations that came crashing down including Vemma nutrition (shut down in 2015 by the FTC) , Mona Vie Health Drinks (admitted that only 14% of distributors make any money) , Wake Up Now financial management (bankrupt in 2015; admitted only 5% of distributors made money).
Multi-Level Marketing is also known as Network Marketing, Direct Marketing, Matrix Marketing and more titles and they sell everything from vacuum cleaners to candles to computers to properties.
Q What’s the main difference between MLM and Pyramid Selling?
If the money you make is basically from selling a product or service to a consumer of that product or service then you’re probably in a good business. But if the money you make is basically from how many others you can recruit then it’s a pyramid scheme and you should think about getting out before it collapses.
The Consumer Awareness Institute analysed data from different network companies and found that the least successful MLM was Amway where 99.99 percent of distributors lost money. The best of these companies was Herbalife. Only 99.42% of their distributors lost money.
That is frighteningly poor.
In February 1980, Mark Hughes began selling the original Herbalife weight management product from the trunk of his car. His stated goal was to change the nutritional habits of the world.
His first product was a protein shake designed to help people manage their weight. From the beginning he ran the company as MLM.
In 1985, the California Attorney General sued the company for making inflated claims about the efficacy of its products. The company settled the suit for $850,000. In 1986, Herbalife became a publicly traded company on the NASDAQ, and in 1996 Herbalife reached US$1 billion in annual sales.
Herbalife reported net sales of US$3.825 billion in 2014, a 21% decrease over 2013, and net income of $308.7 million. It is incorporated in the Cayman Islands, and its corporate headquarters are there.
The company operates internationally and distributes its products in 95 countries, as of July 2015. The MLM compensation structure consists of commissions, royalties and bonuses on sales done by a distributor's downline (the people they have sponsored as new recruits). In 2014, approximately 1.4% of distributors in the USA received over $5,000 in bonuses per year and 0.25% received over $50,000. These figures do not include income from product sales nor do they include the costs incurred by distributors.
It is very clear that few people who join Herbalife will ever make any money from the company.
Herbalife came under investigation by the U.S. Federal Trade Commission. In July 2016 for being a pyramid scheme.. Herbalife agreed to pay $200 million in a settlement and is subject to a set of restrictions to effectively stop it being a pyramid scheme.
Herbalife do sell health products but their main business is selling the rights to sell Herbalife ie.e. the MLM scheme.
Adverts for Herbalife talk about the products but also about the ‘business opportunity’.
Q. The company has been around for many years and that seems unlikely if it really is a pyramid scheme. Surely it would have collapsed?
All pyramid schemes eventually run out of new ‘distributors’ and collapse but that can take years especially if the scheme expands overseas as Herbalife has done.
You can choose to be in Network Marketing /MLM/Matrix Marketing /whatever new name is used, but at least go into it with your eyes open and the realisation that few people ever make money from it.
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Ringtone scams tend to be targeted at younger people and were very prevalent when mobile phones first had the ability to change ringtones. Periodically these scams still turn up. The scam attracts victims by offering them a ‘free’ ringtone, but by accepting this the user is subscribed to a regular service and payment each month that they didn’t know about.
The caller says you're eligible for cheaper car insurance. The scam is that they get your personal information and card details which can be used for theft from you and/or identity theft.
The caller claims that you have won a government award, just for being a good citizen. The scam element is that you have to pay a processing fee or something similar to get the award.
A caller claiming to be from BT tells you that your number is due to be disconnected due to non-payment of the latest bill. Only immediate payment can prevent the disconnection. Sometimes the scammer will tell you to put the phone down and try calling someone. This proves to be impossible as the scammer holds the line open. Then the scammer disconnects and calls back to collect the money.
If you are in the habit or automatically calling any number where the person failed to get through to you – don’t! This can be a bad idea and you should think before calling back. The scammer calls and immediately terminates the call but when you call back it’s on a premium rate line that can charge up to £3 per minute.
This is a very common scam where the caller claims they are calling from Microsoft or your Internet broadband supplier and tells you that you have a virus on your computer. The caller goes on to take control of your computer, convince you there is a major problem and charge you for removing that non-existent problem.
The caller tells you that you’ve won a prize draw or lottery. This is a form of advance fee scam as the caller then needs a small payment to release the winnings.
The caller targets those who have applied for a payday loan and claim to be a debt collector. They demand payment and late fees and some people have been threatened unless they pay up. The scammers sometimes call people who don’t have such loans but the threatening nature of the call can make them pay up anyway.
After purchasing a new mobile phone you may receive a call supposedly from the shop where you bought the phone. They say they forgot to tell you about the free insurance deal. On signing up for this they take your payment details supposedly as verification but in fact just want those details to sell to other scammers. There is no free insurance.
HMRC have recently warned customers about calls from scammers pretending to be the taxman. The caller tells you that you’re due a tax rebate and asks you for your bank details so the money can be paid into your account. There is no money and the scammer obtains your bank details for their own illegal use.
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Online auction sites such as eBAY are huge business and there are con artists who pose as buyers. They appear to pay for the goods that you then send to them. However, the payment bounces and you cannot get your goods back. There are also sellers who take your money but don’t send the goods or claim to have sent them but they never get to you.
If buying, reduce your risk by only buying from suppliers that have high numbers of sales and high satisfaction ratings.
This can be for the UK lottery or Euromilions or any other lottery around the world.
Some scams are lottery clubs that sign you up but then charge you for buying tickets you didn’t ask for, or fail to buy any tickets and keep charging you.
Alternatively you receive notification that you have won a lottery. If you didn’t enter then you cannot possibly have won but some people are conned into thinking it’s possible. You may be asked for an admin fee or release fee in order to gain the prize money but it never appears.
You receive a letter or email or text message or automated voicemail telling you that you have won a large prize and all you need to do to claim it is call a phone number. This turns out to be a premium rate number costing you up to £4 per minute. You will invariably be kept on hold for a long time, all the while racking up more costs. If you do actually win something it will have insignificant value compared to the cost of your phone call.
Over a million people a year fall victim to this, according to the Office of Fair Trading.
Identity theft occurs when someone assumes your identity to carry out fraud or other criminal acts. The fraudsters can get the information they need to assume your identity from a variety of sources, including by stealing your wallet, rifling through your trash, by compromising your credit or bank information etc. They may approach you in person, by telephone, or on the Internet and ask you for the information by means of some fake situation.
This can involve emails that look as if they are from your bank or HMRC or the Inland Revenue or similar trusted organisation and they have a story that leads to you handing over vital information which they can then use to steal money from you. Sometimes they create fake websites that look like the trusted organisation. You click in an email expecting to get to the organisation but end up at the fake site and enter your identity details, account numbers etc.
This is a scam whereby you are promised a large sum of money in return for a small advance fee. But the large sum is from a dubious source such as a person claiming to be a Nigerian government worker who needs to move the money out of the country and will share it with you in return for that advance fee.
The ‘advance’ fee may be needed to sort out an application or open a bank box or deal with government red tape. Of course, there is no large sum of money.
There are other forms of the ‘Advance Fee’ scam that may involve loans, investments etc.
Scammers take advantage of people looking for romantic partners, via dating websites, apps or social media by pretending to be prospective romantic partners.
Then once hooked, they play on emotional triggers, asking for money for a sick relative or for a plane ticket to come and visit and will happily take your money but never appear. Or they may seek gifts or personal details so as to carry out identity fraud.
This can take the form of a holiday or flights or holiday accommodation that you pay for but then find doesn’t exist. Or it may be a genuine holiday but with a ‘catch’ e.g. You receive an email or letter telling you that you’ve won a holiday and to get it you just have to attend at a hotel for a presentation. You go to the hotel and everything seems fine and you accept the holiday but then find out that there are mandatory extras you have to pay for such as travel or insurance and wish you hadn’t accepted it.
9. Fake Loan Scam
You can find advertisements in local papers offering fast money loans without formal credit checks. Typically, you call up a free phone number and are then told that your loan is agreed but you need to pay insurance costs via a money transfer. Once you've paid the fee, you never hear from the company again. This scam also often starts as email spam messages.
“Ponzi” schemes promise high financial returns or dividends not available through traditional investments. Instead of investing the funds of victims, however, the con artist pays “dividends” to initial investors using the funds of subsequent investors. The scheme generally falls apart when the operator flees with all of the proceeds or when a sufficient number of new investors cannot be found to allow the continued payment of “dividends.”
As in Ponzi schemes, the money collected from newer victims of pyramid schemes is paid to earlier victims to provide a veneer of legitimacy. In pyramid schemes, however, the victims themselves are induced to recruit further victims through the payment of recruitment commissions.
This scheme—commonly referred to as a “pump and dump”—creates artificial buying pressure for a targeted stock, usually a low volume stock largely controlled by the scammers. This artificially-increased trading volume has the effect of pushing up the price of the targeted stock (i.e., the “pump”), which is rapidly sold off into the inflated market by the scammers (i.e., the “dump”). This results in illicit gains for the perpetrators and losses for innocent third-party investors.
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Holiday booking fraud is where you pay for a holiday, flight or accommodation that doesn’t exist. You’ve been scammed.
Scammers con unsuspecting travellers and holidaymakers out of millions of pounds each year or leave them stranded with nowhere to stay. The scams are usually through fake websites, sometimes by phone and often started by email.
The most common types of this fraud are:
1. Holiday bookings. The scammers create fake websites that look like reputable companies, but they take your money. It may be weeks or months before you realise there is no holiday.
2. Holiday accommodation without travel. It may only be when you travel to the holiday location that you find it doesn’t exist.
3. Airline Tickets. Scammers take your booking and my even send you what looks like a genuine ticket but when you arrive at the airport you’ll find it’s all fake.
4. Special Events. When a high profile event is taking place that will attract people from around the world – such as the Olympics, or World Championships or the Football World Cup then lots of people look for tickets for the events and accommodation, flights etc. The scammers set up websites that seem genuine but again are completely fake and the customer just loses a lot of money and the chance to attend the event.
5. Timeshares. These were hugely popular in the 80s but these scams still happen today. The scammers use high pressure sales techniques to get you to sign up and often there are free invites to events designed to trap you into buying. Once paid for there’s little you can do to get out of the contract and Timeshares are notoriously difficult to sell.
One common approach is for scammers to duplicate part of a genuine travel website and copy the photos etc. but use it to get your confidential information. Sometimes they create a website with a very similar domain name to a genuine travel site. E.g. Tomascook.com instead of Thomascook.com .
It’s worth spending time to research the best company to buy from to get your ideal holiday. There are numerous websites that give reviews of businesses and you can learn a great deal from these about the service provided. But beware that some reviews may be untrue.
When entering your personal or payment details online, make sure the site you are booking on is secure i.e. it will have a padlock symbol in the address bar and address beginning https
Where possible, book with a credit card as in the event of a scam, you may be able to claim back through your credit card supplier.
You should never pay by bank transfer as you won’t have any way to get the money back if things go wrong.
Never use a Money Transfer Agent such as Western Union or Moneygram – as these are like giving away cash. Untraceable and hence cannot be refunded.
Check terms and conditions to confirm exactly what you are buying and don’t be afraid to ask questions. A legitimate company will always be able to answer your queries.
You can check the ABTA travel website for further information on holiday fraud.